Wednesday, 3 June 2020

Important plants used in Dentistry

Important plants used in Dentistry

Medicinal plants are mostly used by domestic herbs. This herb cures many types of diseases, due to which people use it, it is used when any medicine advised by the doctor does not work. Medicinal plants are often used where there is less hospitalization and are mostly used by the villagers. The people of the village believe more in herbs. Many times, the big disease is also cured with herbs. Sometimes herbal medicine is also used.

The medicinal plant cures many diseases. But in this article, the teeth are treated by a medicinal plant and the name of the medicinal plant will also be mentioned. The drugs described here are used to treat teeth.

 Six types of medical plants name and their use

1. Aloe vera

Aloe vera

Aloe vera is mainly a medicinal plant that helps in fighting many types of diseases. These include chemical components such as anthraquinones, saccharides, and prostaglandins. Vitamins, minerals, enzymes, amino acids, gibberellins, cholesterol, uric acid, lignin, triglycerides, step-rides, salicylic acid, and beta-sitosterol. These are analgesic, antifungal, antioxidant immune-modulating, antibacterial, antiseptic, and anti-inflammatory. Aloe vera use has been associated with aphasia ulcers, chemical burns, toothpick injuries, lichen planus, dry sockets, periodontal surgery, gum boils, leukemia, and AIDS. It is used for gum problems, tongue and burning mouth, beneficial pemphigus, glossitis, migraine geographic syndrome. Used for candidiasis, acute monocytic leukemia denture mouth, vesiculobullous diseases, and xerostomia.

2. Blood Root (Sanguinaria canadensis)

Blood Root

The major component of the bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis) is Sanguinarine, which has medicinal properties such as antibacterial and antifungal properties. This plant is mainly used for the treatment of enamel wounds, acute sore throat, gingivitis, and periodontal disease. However, it is considered unsafe in the case of children and pregnant or lactating women. When used for a long period of time such as glaucoma, abdominal pain, diarrhea, edema, heart disease, nausea and vomiting, miscarriage, visual changes, it has side effects.

3. Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) 

Cranberry

Cranberries have many medicinal properties and key components include flavonoids and polyphenols, which have antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anticarcinogenic, and antioxidant properties.


4. Chamomile (Matricaria recutita) 

Chamomile

The chemical composition of chamomile includes essential oils, volatile oils. Other components include flavonoids, α-bisabolol, luteolin, and related quercetin, sesquiterpenes, and apigenin. It has antibacterial and antiviral activity in the presence of its ingredients, major uses include gingivitis, periodontal disease. Usually, chamomile is considered safe during pregnancy or breastfeeding.

5. Black Cohosh (Rhizoma Cimicifugae racemosae)

 Black Cohosh

The components of black cohosh are acetylacetone, cycloartenol-based triterpenes action, 26 deoxy acetol, and imidazole. It is used for the treatment of periodontitis, although there is not much evidence and studies about it. It is contraindicated during pregnancy and breastfeeding and in children under 12 years of age. Minor adverse effects of black cohosh include headaches and gastrointestinal upset.


6. Caraway (Carum carvi) 

 Caraway (Carum carvi)

The pharmacological properties of caraway are antihistaminic, antimicrobial, antiseptic, spasmolytic, and flavoring agents. The major components of caraway are limonene (40%) and carvone (50–60%). It also contains 3–7% volatile oil.

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